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Everything About Sunscreen & Sunblock

Why are Sunscreen & Sunblock essential for skincare?

Sunscreen or Sunblock is important for several reasons, primarily related to protecting your skin from the harmful effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. The sun emits two types of harmful UV radiation – UVA and UVB. Both UVA and UVB rays can damage the DNA in skin cells. Here's why sunscreen is crucial for maintaining healthy skin :)

  1. Prevention of Sunburn: UVB rays are responsible for causing sunburns. Sunscreen with a high SPF (Sun Protection Factor) can significantly reduce the risk of sunburn by blocking or absorbing the UVB radiation.

  2. Reduced Risk of Skin Cancer: Prolonged and unprotected exposure to the sun's UV radiation is a major risk factor for skin cancer. By using sunscreen regularly, you can lower your risk of developing skin cancers such as melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma.

  3. Prevention of Premature Aging: UV radiation can lead to the breakdown of collagen and elastin fibers in the skin, which are essential for maintaining its youthful appearance and elasticity. Sunscreen helps prevent premature aging signs such as wrinkles, fine lines, and sagging skin.

  4. Protection Against Hyperpigmentation: UV radiation can stimulate the production of melanin, leading to uneven skin tone, dark spots, and hyperpigmentation. Sunscreen helps to prevent these pigment-related issues and keeps your skin tone more even.

  5. Preservation of Skin's Health and Function: UV radiation can damage the skin's barrier function, leading to dehydration, dryness, and sensitivity. By protecting your skin with sunscreen, you help maintain its natural moisture balance and overall health.

  6. Year-Round Protection: Sunscreen is important not only during sunny days but also on cloudy or overcast days. UV radiation can penetrate clouds and cause damage even when the sun isn't visibly shining.

  7. Protection for All Skin Types: People of all skin tones and types can benefit from using sunscreen. While individuals with lighter skin are more susceptible to sunburn, those with darker skin are still at risk of sun damage and skin cancer.

  8. Protection for All Ages: Sunscreen is essential for people of all ages, including children. Protecting young skin from UV damage can help prevent skin issues later in life.

  9. Skin Health and Confidence: By protecting your skin from the harmful effects of the sun, you're not only preserving its health but also maintaining your skin's natural beauty and radiance. This can boost your confidence and help you feel comfortable in your skin.

Incorporating sunscreen or sunblock into your daily skincare routine is a proactive step toward preventing skin damage and maintaining overall skin health. Look for a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher, and apply it generously to all exposed skin!

When should we apply Sunscreen / Sunblock?

To get the most effective protection from sunscreen, it's important to apply it at the right times and in the right way. Here are some key moments when you should apply sunscreen:

  1. Every Morning as Part of Your Skincare Routine: Make sunscreen an integral part of your daily skincare routine, applying it in the morning after cleansing and before any makeup or other skincare products.

  2. At Least 15 Minutes Before Sun Exposure: Sunscreen needs time to be absorbed into the skin and create a protective barrier.

  3. Before Outdoor Activities: If you plan to spend time outdoors for activities like hiking, swimming, or playing sports, apply sunscreen before heading out. Reapply it as needed, especially if you're swimming or sweating, as water and sweat can reduce the effectiveness of sunscreen.

  4. Reapply Every Two Hours: Sunscreen can wear off or become less effective over time, so it's crucial to reapply it every two hours when you're exposed to the sun.

  5. During Midday Sun: The sun's rays are typically the strongest between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., so it's especially important to apply and reapply sunscreen during this period.

  6. Most importantly, "ANYTIME" throughout the day :)

How to choose the "RIGHT" Sunscreen / Sunblock?

Here are some factors to consider when selecting the right sunscreen:

  1. Broad-Spectrum Protection: Look for a sunscreen labeled as "broad-spectrum." This means it provides protection against both UVA and UVB rays. UVA rays contribute to premature aging, while UVB rays cause sunburn.

  2. SPF Level: Choose a sunscreen with an SPF (Sun Protection Factor) of at least 30. SPF 30 filters out about 97% of UVB rays. Higher SPFs offer slightly more protection, but there are diminishing returns beyond SPF 50

  3. PA system: If you'll be swimming or sweating, opt for a water-resistant sunscreen

  4. Water Resistance: If you'll be swimming or sweating, opt for a water-resistant sunscreen

  5. Skin Type: If you have oily or acne-prone skin, you might prefer a lightweight, non-comedogenic (won't clog pores) formula. If you have dry or sensitive skin, look for a sunscreen with added moisturizing ingredients.

  6. Ingredients: Check the sunscreen's ingredient list for skin-friendly components. Look for active ingredients like zinc oxide or titanium dioxide for physical sunscreens, which provide a physical barrier against UV rays. Chemical sunscreens contain compounds like avobenzone or octisalate, which absorb UV radiation.

  7. Fragrance and Allergens: If you have fragrance sensitivities or allergies, opt for a fragrance-free or hypoallergenic sunscreen to reduce the risk of skin irritation.

  8. Skin Sensitivities: If you have skin conditions like rosacea or eczema, consult with a dermatologist to find a sunscreen that won't exacerbate your condition. Some sunscreens are specifically designed for sensitive skin.


Remember that using sunscreen is just one part of sun protection. It's also important to seek shade, wear protective clothing (such as long sleeves and a wide-brimmed hat), and wear sunglasses to shield your eyes from harmful UV radiation.

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